Channel Saint-Petersburg tells why the Russians celebrate New Year twice a year.
The Old New Year is celebrated in Russia on the night of January 13-14. Historically, the tradition dates back to 1918, when the country transited from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar. The difference between the two calendar systems was 14 days, so January 1, old style, became January 14, new style.
Before Russia became Christian, the New Year was celebrated on the day of the spring equinox on March 22. Adopting Christianity, Russia also introduced the Byzantine calendar. Since the 15th century, September 1 was celebrated as the start of the new year.
Two centuries later, Peter the First ordered to start the new year on January 1. The first year that began on January 1 in Russia was 1700.
Video: St. Petersburg TV channel