The country's largest federal artificial selection-genetics center of fish breeding at Ropsha will soon turn 25 years old. The major date will be celebrated next year
During this time the center has been responsible for breeding many types of fish. And new ones have also come out – including those of trout, so popular in the North-West.
The work not only is difficult, but also takes a lot of time. Sometimes it takes more than 10 years to achieve results. Yuriy Scherbakov found out what kind of fish will swim in the Gulf only in a century from now.
- Maria, honestly, I want to take you with me for a fishing trip. You're doing it so well!
It's a paradox, but the researcher at the federal artificial selection and genetics Center of fish breeding Maria Lipatova does not eat fish. To the contrary, she has a soft spot for the creatures inhabiting this pool.
Genetics and artificial selection processes rub shoulders with the production. The new breeds are being born here – officially registered names are rofor, rostal, Ropsha carp. But the biggest pride – member of the salmon family, Arctic Golets or Ladoga paliya.
Andrey Pavlisov, head researcher at federal center of artificial selection-genetics fish breeding: “When it is born it weighs around 120 mg, but in five years and adults species can reach 2,5 kg.
To breed an entire pack of Ladoga Paliya the employees of the center spend more than 10 years. They are planning to resurrect the population of the almost extinct Baltic beluga sturgeon. This unique fish takes 20-30 years to breed. According to even optimistic estimates, you would only be able to catch it in the Gulf in a century.
Yuriy Scherbakov, reporter: “There is about 1 million species living at Ropsha’s fish breeding center. These babies appeared recently, while their parents are 7 to 8 years old. The Ladoga Paliya will soon be transferred into Ladoga to refill the population of this fish. But trout will be taken by owners of fish farms to make them grow, and then later this fish will be available at St. Petersburg’s stores.